What is the Basic Energy Policy of Turkey?
The energy being the basic input regarding that the countries sustain their economic development increases its importance day by day as a field required for the implementation of multidimensional and long-term policies and strategies. Consequently, it is necessary to be evaluated the matters concerning the energy, not being a government policy but as a state policy. In this regard, the security of energy supply underlies the discussion agenda concerning the energy sector. Despite the global economic shrinkage in the recent years;
- The energy prices being on the rise,
- The increasing awareness on global warming and climate change,
- The situation related that despite the increase in the world energy demand, the dependency on fossil fuels which have tended to be exhausted will continue in the near future,
- The developments in the new energy technologies field, being away from the commercial maturity which will meet the increasing demand,
, increase the concerns of the countries concerning the energy security day by day and direct the countries to new searches.
As a consequence of the current economic development and increasing welfare level, a rapid increase in demand has been observed in every fields of the energy sector of our country. In order to meet this demand, it is required to be made a 4.000-5.000 MW-investment in every year.
The policies and strategies for ensuring the security of energy supply in our country were created by analyzing the policies and strategies of the actors having importance in the regional and global energy dynamics and considering our country’s facts especially by looking from EU acquis and our current geopolitical perspective, as well as the general tendencies in the world. Our basic energy policy can be summarized as;
- Minimizing the external dependence,
- Giving due importance to the source variety, local and renewable sources,
- Minimizing its impacts on the environment,
- Producing and using energy efficiently,
- Mobilizing the opportunities of public and private sectors within the Free market applications,
- Implementing the policies taking the measures which will meet the energy needs of the country in a safe, continuous and minimum cost and minimal environmental impact.
Our country doesn’t have an obligation to reduce its emission values in the period until 2012 within the scope of Kyoto Protocol. However, there are some increasing expectations related that the countries reduce their emission values in the period after 2012.
In this regard, the followings will be among the primary policies in addressing the issues within the energy and environment relationship; improvement of energy efficiency in the energy sector, further use of renewable resources, dissemination of clean coal technologies and nuclear energy use.
The following phrase “It is aimed that the nuclear power plants’ share will reach up to at least 5% in the electricity production unit 2020 and be increased more in the long term” is indicated in the Strategy Document on Electricity Energy Market and Supply Security accepted by the Higher Planning Committee on May 18, 2009. In the event that the Akkuyu and Sinop Nuclear Power Plants are taken into operation until 2023, 20% of the current installed capacity will be formed from the electricity to be produced at the nuclear power plants.